Indian Summer

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Happy New Year!

Don’t judge each day by the harvest you reap but by the seeds that you plant.

– Robert Louis Stevenson

Sakakawea’s first horse was a Nokota

Werner Nokota Horses

mw nokota 003Sakakawea is one of the most famous women in American history.

The statue in Bismarck, ND The statue in Bismarck, ND

She was the young woman who guided Lewis and Clark on the Corps of Discovery for the North West Passage from St Louis to the Pacific Ocean. Even if the meaning and result of the endeavor may be deeply questioned, her personal efforts were crucial for the expedition’s success and survival, but this is another story.

What caught my attention this time is that reliable information about Sakakawea is scarce, but the general opinion and most history books says Sakakawea was born in a subtribe of the Lemhi Shoshone called the Agaidika tribe, Idaho. In the year 1788, at age twelve, she was taken captive by the Hidatsa to a village in present day Washburn, North Dakota.

However, oral history of the Hidatsa-Mandan tells a different story. It seems that what once started as…

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